Неправильные глаголы. Irregular Verbs.

1. V 1 =V 2 = V 3 (the same) 1. V 2 # V 3 (different)
1. cost – cost – cost – стоить 1. forget – forgot – forgotten–забывать
2. cut – cut – cut–резать, отрезать 2. break [ei] – broke– broken–ломать
3. hit – hit – hit–ударить, ударять 3. choose [u:] – chose [ou] – chosen–выбрать
4. let – let – let–позволять, разрешать 4. speak [i:] – spoke – spoken–разговаривать
5. put – put – put–класть, положить 5. steal [i:] – stole – stolen– красть
6. shut – shut – shut–закрыть, закрывать 6. wake – woke – woken–просыпаться
7.read [i:] – read [e] – read [e]–читать, прочитать 2.
2. V 2 = V 3 7. drive [ai] – drove – driven [ɪ]– водить (машину)
8. build – built [i:] – built–строить 8. fall [ɔː] – fell – fallen [ɔː]–падать
9.feel [i:] – felt – felt–чувствовать 9. eat [i:] – ate [e] – eaten [i:]–кушать, есть
10. find [ai] – found [au] – found [au]–находить 10. ride [ai] – rode – ridden [i] – ехать (верхом)
11. get – got – got–получать, добираться 11. rise – rose – risen–подниматься
12. have – had – had– иметь 12. write [rait] – wrote – written [ritn]–писать
13. hear [ɪə] – heard [ə:] – heard [ə:]–слышать 13. give – gave – given– давать
14. hold – held – held–держать(ся) 14. forgive – forgave – forgiven–прощать
15. keep – kept – kept–держать, хранить 15. see – saw [sɔː] – seen– видеть
16. learn – learnt (learned) [ə:] – learnt (learned)- учить, изучать 16. take – took [u:] – taken–брать
17. grow [ou] – grew [u:] – grown –расти
17. leave [i:] – left – left–оставлять, покидать 18. know [nou] – knew [nju:] – known–знать
18. lose [u:] – lost – lost–терять 19. draw [ɔː] – drew[u:] – drawn [ɔ:]–рисовать
19. make – made – made–делать 20. show [ou] – showed – shown–показывать
20. mean [i:] – meant [e] – meant [e]– значить 21. throw – threw – thrown–бросать
21. meet [i:] – met – met–встречать 3.
22. send – sent – sent–посылать 22. come [kʌm] – came [keɪm] – come–приходить
23. sleep [i:] – slept – slept–спать 23. become – became – become–становиться
24. sell – sold – sold–продавать 24. run [rʌn] – ran – run–бегать.
25. sit – sat – sat [æ ] –сидеть 4.
26. spend – spent – spent–проводить, тратить 25. tear [ɪə] –tore [ɔː] - torn [ɔː]–рвать.
27. tell – told – told–сказать, рассказывать 26. wear [eə] – wore [ɔː]– worn– носить (одежду)
28. win – won – won [ʌ]- побеждать 5.
3. 27. go [gəu] – went – gone [gɔn]– идти
29. bring – brought [ɔː] – brought [ɔː] -приносить 28. do [du:] – did – done [dʌn]– делать
30. buy [baɪ] – bought [bɔːt] – bought–покупать 6.
31. fight [faɪt] – fought [fɔːt] – fought–бороться 29. be – was/were –been–быть
32. think – thought [θɔːt] – thought–думать 30. fly [aɪ] –flew [u:] – flown [ou]–летать.
33. catch [æ] – caught [kɔːt] – caught–хватать 7.
34. teach – taught [tɔːt] – taught–обучать, учить 31. begin – began [æ] – begun [ʌ]–начинать
4. 32. drink – drank – drunk [ʌ]– пить
35. stand – stood – stood [u:]–стоять 33. swim – swam [æ] – swum [ʌ]– плавать
36. understand – understood [u:] – understood– понимать
37. pay – paid [ei] – paid–платить
38. say [ei] – said [e] – said–сказать



Exercise 1. Поставьте глаголы в скобках вPresent Simple или Past Simple, подчеркните их и переведите их.

1. James usually _____ (finish) work at 4.30 p.m.

2. Yesterday he _____ (finish) work at 4.30 p.m.

3. He usually _____ (go) home by train.

4. Yesterday he _____ (go) home by taxi.

5. He usually _____ (have) dinner at home.

6. Yesterday he _____ (have) dinner in a café.

Exercise 2. Поставьте глаголы в скобках вPast Simple.

The Hamburger.

An American chef from Connecticut Louis Lassen (1) ____ (make) and (2) ____ (sell) the first hamburgers in 1895. He (3) ____ (call) them hamburgers because sailors from Hamburg in Germany (4) ____ (give) him the recipe. The students from Yale University and businessmen (5) ____ (love) them and (6) ____ (buy) them. Kenneth Louis Lassen, a grandson, still sells hamburgers in Connecticut.

Exercise 3. Выберите правильную форму глагола.

1. I _____ to the shop yesterday.

a) goes b) go c) went

2. Tom _____ ten minutes ago.

a) wake b) woke c) wakes

3. Lucy _____ her hat in the bus yesterday.

a) left b) leave c) leaves

4. I _____ my aunt last week.

a) see b) saw c) sees

5. How often _____ visit your grandmother last year?

a) did you b) do you c) does you

6. My brother _____ a computer last week.

a) didn’t buy b) didn’t bought c) doesn’t buy

Exercise 4. Составьте предложения о том, что Том делал вчера. Предложения могут быть утвердительные или отрицательные.

e. g. watch /TV – Tom watched TV yesterday.

not/ drink/ coffee/ in the morning – He didn’t drink coffee in the morning yesterday.

1. get up/ at 7.30 a.m.

2. not/ have/ a shower

3. eat/ meat

4. buy/ a camera

5. not/ go/ to the cinema

6. go/ to/ bed/ late at night

Exercise 5. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Past Simple, в утвердительной, вопросительной или отрицательной форме.

e.g. I played (play) tennis yesterday, but I didn’t win (not/win).

1. We _____ (wait) for a bus for a long time, but it _____ (not/ come).

2. That’s a nice shirt. Where _____ (you/ buy/ it)?

3. Ann _____ (see) me but she _____ (not/ speak) to me.

4. _____ (it/ rain) yesterday? – No, it was a nice day.

5. That was a stupid thing to do. Why _____ (you/ do/ it)?

6. She wasn’t hungry, so she _____ (not/ eat) anything.

5.8. Будущее простое время (Future Simple)употребляется для выражения действия, которое совершится в будущем.

Показатели времени – обстоятельства времени: tomorrowзавтра, next weekна следующей неделе, next yearв будущем году, in a weekчерез неделю, in a few daysчерез несколько дней, on these daysна днях и т.д.



Future Simpleобразуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола willиспользуется для всех лиц и первой формы смыслового глагола (инфинитива без частицы to) – study/read.

Future Simple

Утвердительная форма + Вопросительная форма ? Отрицательная форма -
I We He She will read. It You They I we he Willshe read ? it you they I We He She will not (won’t) read. It You They

Future Simple

Утвердительное предложение + My friends will studyat the university next year. Мои друзья будут учиться в университете в следующем году.
Отрицательное предложение - My friends won’t study at the university next year. Мои друзья не будут учиться в университете в следующем году.
Вопросительное предложение ? Общий вопрос Will your friends study at the university next year? Твои друзья будут учиться в университете в следующем году?
Специальный вопрос Where willyour friends studynext year? Где будут учиться твои друзья в следующем году?
Вопрос к подлежащему Who will studyat the university next year? Кто будет учиться в университете в следующем году?

Exercise 1. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Simple или Future Simple.

1) Tom _____ (play) tennis every day.

2) He _____ (play) tennis next Sunday.

3) My mother _____ (not / work) on Sunday.

4) My mother _____ (not / work) next Sunday.

5) Where _____ you _____ (go) every summer?

6) Where _____ you _____ (go) next summer?

Exercise 2. Выберите правильную форму глагола.

1. How old _____ you be next year?

a) will b) did c) do

2. Who _____ meet you at the station?

a) shall b) do c) will

3. Take some sandwiches. You _____ have time to go to the café.

a) won’t b) will c) shall

4. If you don’t work hard you _____ pass your examinations.

a) won’t b) will c)did

5. Your English is good. I am sure you _____ pass your test.

a) shall b) will c) shan’t

Exercise 3. Поставьте глаголы в скобках вFuture Simple.

I (1) _____ (go) to my doctor tomorrow. He (2) _____ (give) me a complete examination. The doctor (3) _____ (take) my pulse. Then he (4) _____ (listen) to my heart with a stethoscope. After it he (5) _____ (take) my blood pressure. Then the doctor (6) _____ (do) a cardiogram. He is a very good doctor!

Exercise 4. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Future Simple. Предложения могут быть вопросительные или отрицательные.

e.g. You (come) to my place? – Will you come to my place?

1. (you/ read) this book?

2. What ( you/ do) tomorrow?

3. You (not/help) your mother tomorrow.

4. We (not/go) to the Zoo next Sunday.

5. (your brother/ buy) a new computer next week?

6. Where (your sister/ go) next year?

Exercise 5. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. I think they'll finish / to finish it next year.

2. There'll be / there be will snow tonight.

3. When will the meeting start / will start the meeting?

4. She won't / won't not be happy about it.

5. I'm sure they don't will / won't be late.

6. I don't think you'll / you won't pass the exam.

8 What will / will be your parents do about it?

5.9. Future Simple и оборот to be going to+ глагол

Future Simple используется для выражения будущего решения или намерения принятого в момент разговора:

e. g. A: I’ve lost my pen.

B: I’ll giveyou one of mine.

Оборот to be going to+ глагол(собираться, намериваться что-то сделать)используется для выражения будущих решений, намерений или планов, принятых до момента разговора со следующимипоказателями времени: tonight, thisweekend, next month, next year:

e.g. We are going tobuy a new car next year.

Формы to be going to+ глагол

Утвердительная форма + Вопросительная форма ? Отрицательная форма -
I am going toread. He She is going to read. It We You are going to read. They Am I he Isshe going to read? it we Areyou they I am not going to read. (‘m not) He She is not going to read. It (isn’t) We You are not going to read. They (aren’t)

Exercise 6. Вставьтеam, is, are.

1. I ______ going to have dinner with my parents tonight.

2. We ______ going to have a party on Friday.

3. They ______ going to travel next year.

4. My father ______ going to buy a new car next week.

5. Tom and Ann ______ going to marry in June.

6. I ______ going to learn to drive, but I don't have enough money.

7. ______ your sister going to visit Italy next month?

8. What ______ your sister going to study at the college?

9. Where ______ your brother going to study next year?

10. When ______ your parents going to arrive?

11. ______ you going fo see my holiday photos tonight?

12. ______ John going to start work this week?

Exercise7. Закончите предложения, используя will ('ll) илиbe going to.

1. I like aeroplanes. I ______ (to be / a pilot).

2. Get up or you ______ (to be late) for work.

3. Ann ______ (to have a bath).

4. It’s very hot. I ______ (to open / the window).

5. I’ve got a toothache. I ______ (to see / my dentist).

6. I’ll catch a cold if I ______ (to go out) tonight.

Exercise 8. Вставьте will или be going to в правильной форме.

1. A: What do you want to do when you leave school?

B: I ______ to be a dancer.

2. A: Have you decided what to study at university?

B: Yes, I ______ study Biology.

3. A: Your room is so dirty.

B: I know. I ______ clean it this evening.

4. A: ______ you have another cake?

B: No, thank you.

5. A: Do you want to go to the park today?

B: I can’t. I ______ visit my grandparents.

6. A: This box is very heavy!

B: I ______ carry it for you.


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